Early Periodical Collections on Microfilm
Early British Periodicals I
- Anti-Gallican. London. 1804. Reel 1
The Anti-Gallican combined prose works, poetry and a few illustrations in a publication which aimed at arousing British patirotic feeling against Napoleon and the French. Invasion of England was expected daily and the magazine's proclamations, speeches, essays, original poetry, patriotic parodies of well known poems, traditional anthems, and engravings all preached against it.
- Fraser's Magazine for Town and Country. London. 1830-1882. Reels 1-15
Billy Maginn, co-founder and editor, collected a remarkable group of writers to contribute to his magazine. Carlyle, Thackeray and Ruskin led the group. A series of 78 biographical sketches described the leading writers of the day, three schools of current-day writers were described, and a series of biographical sketches of the leading editors of the day was published. In addition to literary subjects, national and foreign affairs, science, history, religion, and other subjects of general interest were covered. A little poetry was included. Continued by Fraser's Magazine, 1870-1882, with the same format and interests.
- Germ: Thoughts Toward Nature in Poetry, Literature and Art. London. Jan-Feb. 1850. Reel 21
Edited by William Michael Rossetti, The Germ was begun by the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood to promote their championship of nature and self-reliance, and to fight against the "sloshy" art of their time. It included original poems, stories, essays, and reviews of current literature, especially poetry. Continued by Art and Poetry.
- Art and Poetry. London. March-May, 1850. Reel 21
Contination of The Germ. The magazine was now "conducted principally by the artists." Its main interest was still literature, especially poetry.
- Longman's Magazine. London. 1882-1905. Reels 21-28
The Longman publishing family owned Fraser's Magazine, and in 1882 it decided to replace that magazine with a new periodical which would publishmainly fiction. Thus Longman's Magazine was born. It published two serial novels, poems, and a few critical articles each month. Its writers included Edmund Gosse, Thoomas Hardy, Bret Harte, Rider haggard, William Dean Howells, W.H. Hudson, Ford Maddox Ford, Henry james, Rudyard Kipling and Robert Louis Stevenson.
- Museum. London. March 1746-Sept. 1747. Reel 29
The Museum, or Literary and Historical Register, contained letters, essays, and poems; it carried accounts of books published in England and abroad, and descriptions of events in Europe. Writers published in it included Mark Akenside, Henry Fielding, Joseph Spence, William Collins, David Garrick, Christopher Smart, and the brothers Joseph and Thomas Warton.
- Savoy. London. Jan.-Dec. 1896. Reel 29
The Savoy was connected through its roots to the earlier Pre-Raphaelites, although it championed artiface and artificiality against nature. Aubrey Beardsley, the art dealer, suggested the magaziine be named after the Savoy, a fashionable London hotel. Arthur Symons, general editor of the magazine, convinced William Butler Yeats and George Bernard Shaw, Joseph Conrad, Ford Madox Ford, and George Moore, among others, to write for him.
- Anglo-Saxon Review: A Quarterly Miscellany. London and New York. June 1899-Sept.1901. Reel 30
The Anglo-Saxon Review was founded by Lady Randolph Spencer Churchill, the American-born mother of Sir Winston Churchill. The magazine was lavish and contained annotated art reproductions. Its contributors included the titles, many social leaders, and the leading writers of the day.
- Argosy. London. Dec.1865-Sept. 1901 . Reels 31-41
Mrs. Henry Wood edited Argosy for twenty of its most entertaining years. "A Magaziine of Tales, Travels, Essays, and Poems", Argosy also depended on Mrs. Wood to write much of its material. Charles Wood, who succeeded his mother as editor, wrote many of the travel pieces.
- British and Foreign Review. London. July 1835-1844. Reels 41-44
The British and Foreign Review was begun by the literary Association of the Friends of Poland to support its political causes. One of those causes was the independence of Poland. The group also supported the liberal position of the Whig party. Political essays, reports on the attitudes and views of various contemporary political leaders, and bits of literary criticism made up the magazine.
- Fenland Notes & Queries. Peterborough. April 1899-Oct.1909. Reels 44-45
Fenland Notes and Queries aimed at collecting and recording Fen lore from the counties of Huntingdon, Cambridge, Lincoln, Northampton, Norfolk, and Suffolk. Readers and contributors sent in their accounts of local beauty, legends and stories, traditions and other local information concerning the Fens.
- Historical Register. London. July 1714-1721. Reels 45-47
The Historical Register was a quarterly publication of world news. Four times a year the editors tried to publish an impartial account of "all Transactions, both Civil and Military, Foreign and Domestick". Births, marriages, deaths, removals, promotions, and other events of public interest were reported. Its readers were given as complete a coverage of contemporary happenings as possible. The editors took seriously their aim of informing their subscribers.
- Household Words. London. March 1850-May 1959. Reels 47-50
Household Words was named by Charles Dickens, its editor and one of its chief contributors. The magazine came out weekly, cost 2 pennies an issue, and was "...designed for the instruction and entertainment of all Classes of Reader." It included serialized novels, personal accounts of life in London and of foreign travel, and conversational articles on many subjects of general interest. Some poetry was included.
- Imperial Magazine. London. 1830-1869. Reels 50-52
Samuel Drew, a Methodist preacher and theologian, was editor of The Imperial Magazine for 15 of its 16 years. A shoemaker's apprentice and a student of Dr. Adam Clarke in religious matters, Drew edited a magazine in which divinity, experimental philosoply, and science - his main personal interests - were discussed in each issue. Articles on domestic economy, history, and trade, as well as poetry and book reviews, were also included.
- Penny Magazine, Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge. London. Mar.1832-Dec.1845. Reels 52-54
The Penny Magazine, published every Saturday, was aimed at the working class. It was part of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge's program for liberal reform. For its reader, however, it was a source of information on subjects of general interest: everyday things like tea and coffee, well-known places in England, a series on animals and birds of Britain, descriptions of present-day manufacturing, even an American almanac and a serial of a personal account of an immigrant's problems. Poetry was published, too, and there were several illustrations in each issue.
- Knight's Penny Magazine. London. Jan.-June 1846. Reel 54
Knight's Penny Magazine was a continuation of The Penny Magazine, but some changes were made. The subjects covered were still those of general interest, but the audience sought was more educated, though not specialized. The magazine was smaller and less illustrated.
- Bee. Edinburgh. Dec.1790-Dec.1794. Reels 55-56
James Anderson, inventor and economist, and editor of The Bee, focused his magazine on business and the interests of businessmen. Most of the articles were meant to tell them of new discoveries and information. He also offered awards for the best literary essays printed in The Bee hoping to introduce businessmen to the latest discoveries of literary men as well.
- Belgravia. London. Nov.1866-June 1899. Reels 56-70
Belgravia was edited by a well-known writer of "sensational" novels, Mary Elizabeth Braddon. It contained mostly serialized fiction, but some biography, travel accounts, poetry, literary criticism, and essays were also added. Thomas Hardy's The Return of the Native was serialized, and such well-known authors as Bret Harte, Mark Twain, Austin Dobson and W.E. Henley were also represented.
- Foreign Quarterly Review. London. July 1827-July 1846. Reels 70-75
The Foreign Quarterly Review brought foreign literary events to the attention of the British public. Sir Walter Scott, William Makepeace Thackeray, Robert Browning and Thomas Carlyle were some of its contributors. News of forthcoming books, book reviews, essays and reports of literary works-in-progress made up its content.
- Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review. Edinburgh. Oct.1846-Jan.1847. Reel 75
The Westminster and Foreign Quarterly Review is the publication that reulted from the combination of two publications, The Foreign Quarterly Review and the Westminster Review.Their interests were similar, so the new magazine was not very different from its predecessors. Reviews of important foreign and British books, along with miscellaneous notices of lesser books, made up its content.
- Murray's Magazine. London. Jan.1887-Dec.1891. Reels 75-77
Murray's Magazine: A Home and Colonial Periodical appealed to the gneral reader. Its interests were wide-ranging with Americana strongly represented. One-paragraph reviews informed the reader about books for leisure reading, and reports on public events, famous people and gossip from the world's leading cities kept the reader up-to-date.
- Saturday Magazine. London July 1832-Dec.1844. Reels 78-80
Saturday Magazine appeared on Saturday so that its working-class readers could read it on Sunday. The magazine was supported by the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and it cost its readers one penny. It was intended to promote Anglican beliefs, but its editors also wanted their magazine to appeal to many people, so its articles covered a wide range of subject interests.
- Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Chronicle. London. Jan.1736-Dec.1833. Reels 82-107
The Gentleman's Magazine... published proceedings and debates that took place in Parliament as well as essays, poetry, reports of domestic occurences, prices and rates of exchange, bankruptcy, and foreign events. More original material was included than had been published in the earlier Gentleman's Magazine: or Monthly Intelligencer. The new title was used for almost one hundred years. During that time the magazine changed slightly- some illustrations were incorporated into each issue and printing improved. Book lists became short reviews, but the contents didn't change much.
- Gentleman's Magazine. London. Jan.1834-June 1856; June 1868-Sept.1907. Reels 108-116; 122-136
The contents and appearance of this magazine was similar to that of its predecessor - The Gentleman's Magazine and Historical Review. Thus, it included proceedings and debates of Parliament, essays, poetry, reports of "domestic occurences," prices and rates of exchange, news of foreign events, and reports of literary, scientific and antiquarian societies. Toward the end of the magazine's life, the editor decided that the monthly publication should no longer be a "mere reporter of events." Biography, history, literature, sports and other gentlemanly pastimes became important areas of focus. Serialized fiction appeared regularly.
- Gentleman's Magazine : and Historical Review . London. July 1856-May 1868. Reels 117-122
The first issue of The Gentleman's Magazine: and Historical Review began with an autobiography of Sylvanus Urban, its fictional editor. Historical articles and reviews were emphasized. "Foreign News," "Domestic Occurences" and "Notes of the Month" were still included.
- All the Year Round. London. Dec.1790-Dec.1794. Reels 137-152
All the Year Round had Charles Dickens as its editor and publisher for its first eleven years. His son, Charles Dickens the Younger, edited it for its remaining twenty-five. Dickens, Wilkie Collins, Mrs. Gaskell, Edward Bulwer-Lytton, and Charles Lever were important contributors. All The Year Round took the place of Household Words, Dickens' earlier magazine, and after Dickens the Younger began to republish Household Words, All The Year Round was merged back into it.
- Bentley's Miscellany. London. Jan.1837-Dec.1868. Reels 152-163
Charles Dickens was the first editor of Bentley's Miscellany. He stayed only a little over two years because he wanted more freedom than Bentley, as publisher, was willing to give. Bentley's continued to be published for thirty years, presenting works of well-known and promising young authors, including Americans, to its British readers. It also presented articles covering a variety of interests, with reports from many countries.
- Monthly Leger or Literary Repository: London. 1773-1775. Reel 163
"...containing philosopnical, historical, biographical, and moral essays with anecdotes of literature, carefully selected from periodical publications, and other works of the learned and ingenious, both ancient and modern, together with original essays from occasional correspondents." The Monthly Ledger had an anonymous editor and reprinted materials from other periodicals. Anonymous as he was, however, the editor's intention of working for the benefit of mankind and his personal interest in science added color and depth to the magazine.
- Academy, a record of literature, learning, science, and art. London. 1869-1873. Reel 164
Charles Appleton, leader of the reform group at Oxford, was editor of The Academy. His learned journal gradually became more popular in format and content. Reviews, articles, notes and a list of contents of other journals in the fields of general literature and art, oriental and comparative philology, and classical and modern literature and philology make up its content. The editors were selective in what they reviewed, and only reviewed themost important works in each area.
- Academy, A Weekly Review. London. July 1874-Sept.1916. Reels 164-183
Continues the above with expanded fields of interest including literature, science, the fine arts, the state, and music. Meetings of scientific societies, reviews of children's books, and law books were new features.
- Bentley's Quarterly Review. London. Mar.1859-Jan.1860. Reel 184
Bentley's Quarterly Review lasted only 4 issues. It appealed to the well-educated, reviewing books in literature, economics, history, art and architecture, physics, geography, philolophy and religion, autobiography, and sports. Conservative in viewpoint, it regarded American and French democracy as experiments that failed.
- Dome. London. Mar.1897-July 1900. Reel 184
The Dome was the literary descendant of the Germ and the Savoy. Its editor, Earnest J. Oldmeadow, also ran the Unicorn Press and used both positions to promote young artists and writers. The Dome published Yeats, Symons, Fiona Macleod (William Sharp), Francis Thompson, Laurence Housman, T. Sturge Moore, Edwin Ellis, and Althea Gyles. When the magazine ended, it ceased publication so abruptly that only the first installment of Yeats' essay on Shelley was published.
- Edinburgh Annual Register. Edinburgh. 1808-1826. Reels 185-189
The Edinburgh Annual Register attempted to present a review of each year. Its first issue, the Register for 1808, was published in 1810. That and the following issues provide a good coverage of the times, including poetry, accounts of happenings throughout the world, news of drama and the fine arts, state news, and a list of new publications.
- Edinburgh Monthly Review. Edinburgh. Jan 1819-June 1821. Reel 190
The Edinburgh Monthly Review published reviews and criticism. The Scots Presbyterian ethic of its backers was evident. During its 30 month life it reviewed Byron's Don Juan, Shelley's The Cenci and Hazlitt's Political Essays on Public Characters, all of which the editors found distressing.
- Foreign Review and Continental Miscellany. London. 1828-1830. Reel 191
The Foreign Review and Contintntal Miscellany appeared six months after The Foreign Quarterly Review and Continental Literary Miscellany. Not content to copy its name and content, its editors apparently represented themselves on the continent as previously being editors of The Foreign Quarterly Review, and its salesmen in England claimed that no second volume of The Foreign Quarterly Review would ever appear. It managed to survive for only a little over two years.
- Leigh Hunt's London Journal to assist the inquiring, animate the struggling, and sympathize with all. London. April 1834-May,1835 Reels 191-192
Leigh Hunts' London Journal was intended to copy Chambers's Edinburgh Journal but with an emphasis on English events and interests. Each issue included an original essay by Hunt, abstracts of popular books, news concerning poetry, music and painting, and miscellaneous notices.
- Leigh Hunt's London Journal and The Printing Machine. London. June 1-Dec.31, 1835. Reel 192
Leigh Hunts' London Journal combined with The Printing Machine to form Leigh Hunts' London Journal and The Printing Machine. Each magazine kept its own format and title. The Journal took up the fist section of about five pages, and contained an essay by Hunt, abstracts of popular books, and notes concerning current poetry, music, painting, and miscellaneous items. The Printing Machine, containing mainly book reviews, completed the magazine. This section was about three pages long.
- Liberal. Verse and prose from the south... London. 1822-1823. Reel 192
The Liberal was begun by Shelley, Byron, and Leigh Hunt in Italy. The originators were also the main contributors, along with Hazlitt, Mary Shelley, Thomas Jefferson Hogg, Charles Armitage Brown, and Horace Smith. Notoriety of the originators sold the first copy, but attacks in hostile journals and quarrels between Byron and Hunt hurt future sales. Despite its quality, the journal lasted for only four issues.
- Literary Lounger. London. Jan.-Sept. 1826. Reel 192
The Literary Lounger reported happenings of the London stage. Drama reviews, satirical plays, light verse, satirical romance and college humor filled its pages. Gay and witty, the magazine took little seriously, including itself.
- Monthly Chronicle of North-country lore and legend. Newcastle-on-Tyne. 1887-1891. Reels 192-193
The Monthly Chronicle of North-country Lore and Legend attempted to collect and preserve the lore of Northumbria, and the range of material collected in its pages is remarkable. The Monthly Chronicle reprinted the best of an earlier collection of lore made by the Newcastle Weekly Chronicle, and at the same time it published new stories, descriptions, and facts about the area sent in by its subscribers and other contributors.
- Monthly Museum or, Dublin literary repertory of arts, science, literature and miscellaneous information. Dublin. Oct.1813-Dec.1814. Reel 193
The Monthly Museum published non-controversial articles intended for the bourgeoisie and landed gentry of Ireland. Biographical essays were written with Irish readers in mind, books on Irish lore were reviewed, and the engraved illustrations of the magazine were done by Irish artists. Seditious feelings or events were not mentioned.
- Reflector a quarterly magazine, on subjects of philosophy, politics, and the liberal arts. London. Oct.1810-Dec.1811. Reel 193
Leigh Hunt, its editor, intended The Reflector to reform British periodicals. It was a literary and political quarterly, reflecting Hunt's two main interests, and written for by Hunt, Charles Lamb, and other young writers. Shunning neutrality, The Reflector had definite views on the authors and writings of its time, and on politics. Lack of money ended its publication after the fourth issue.
- Analyst a monthly journal of science, literature and the fine arts. London. Aug.1834-July 1840. Reel 194-195
The Analyst began as a monthly journal of science, literature and the fine arts. Its editor promised that "political and polemnical discussions" would be "wholly excluded." In addition to articles on subjects in its main fields of interest, contents included biographical articles, sections reporting patents applied for, clerical preferments, university intelligence, marriages, births and deaths, reviews of books and a list of English, French and German publications. Musical events were mentioned and illustrated works and art prints were described. With volume three, the Analyst changed its subtitle to include natural history. Reports of the proceedings of various zoological, natural history, and botanical societies became a regular feature. Observations on natural science and summaries of natural science lectures were added.
- Athenaeum a magazine of literary and miscellaneous information... containing general correspondence, classical disquisitions, accounts of rare and curious books, memoirs of distinguished persons, original poetry, literary and miscellaneous information.... London. Jan.1807-June 1809. Reels 195-196.
John Aiken's Athenaeum was a hundred-paged monthly. Aiken, a physician forced to give up his work because of ill health, filled his magazine with poetry and essays and a miscellany of information including meteorological reports, obituaries, reports of domestic and foreign affairs, commercial reports including prices of stocks and reports of bankruptcy, and agriculture notes.
- Bradshaw's Journal a miscellany of literature, science and art. Manchester. May.1841-May 1843. Reel 196
Bradshaw's Manchester Journal was the title of this weekly magazine for the first six months of its life. Its editor wanted to create a publication that would include notices of "local antiquities, legends, arts, sciences, and manufacterers" along with news of other places and the same content as other general periodicals. It then became Bradshaw's Journal so the magazine would not seem so "exclusively provincial" to a potential buyer. The editor still intended to cover local news. A few other changes were also made. In the earlier issues, woodcuts and steel engravings were both used for illustrations, but now woodcuts were excluded. "The Library" - a review section - became "New Books." "Columns for the Young" - an early regular feature, was discontinued for more articles on foreign topics. Each issue usually included an engraving to illustrate the main article which might concern an historical location, foreign area, or British admirals or philosophers.
- City Jackdaw. Manchester. Nov 1875-April 1880. Reels 197-198
The City Jackdaw was "conducted by the editorial and literary staff which seceded from the City Lanter," according to its own account. The subject matter was broad and current. Poetry, articles, sections on the theater and "Claws of the Week" were regular features. Advertisements were plentiful, covering the front and back covers, both inside and out, and sometimes other pages as well.
- Dublin Saturday Magazine a journal of instruction and amusement, comprising Irish biologaphy and antiquities, original tales and sketches, poetry, varieties. Dublin. 1865-1867. Reel 198
An issue of The Dublin Saturday Magazine often had a lead article describing an Irish "antiquity," illustrated with an engraving; for example, the series on the "Holy Places of Ireland." Tours through Ireland, Irish biography, original stories, poetry and short notes on various topics added interest. "The memoirs of Georga IV" and the "National Sporting Novel: Life and Adventures of Bryan O'Regan" were important serials that ran through many issues.
- Ghost. Edinburgh. Apr.25-Nov.16, 1796. Reel 199
The Ghost, issued twice a week, was edited by Felix Phantom, the ghost of "a person whose fame is spread wide over the earth," but whose name he will "never mention." Felix knows all about the past and the present, but does not claim to know more than anyone else about the future. "Letters" to the ghost, with responses, made up much of an issue's content. "Dr. Puffinando," a learned professor, supplied lectures on various topics, and many topics were also discussed in "Fairyland".
- Hibernia Magazine and monthly panorama.... Dublin. Jan.10-June 11. Reel 199. Reel 184
Hibernia Magazine contained articles on Dublin, its happenings, its past and present. Anecdotes, biographical sketches, reviews of new publications, music and the theater; original poetry and tales were included. A regular feature included news of births, marriages and deaths, and another feature brought news of Britain.
- Jewish Quarterly Review. London. Oct.1888-July 1908. Reels 199-203
The Jewish Quarterly Review was edited through its twenty-year life by I. Abrahams and C.G. Montefiore. They hoped their magazine would be of interest to scholars and the general reader. Every stream of modern Jewish thought was included. Subjects of main interest were Jewish literature (including the Bible), theology, and history.
- Leisure Hour. London. 1852-1905. Reels 203-220
Serialized fiction, poetry, articles on natural history and travel, collections of "Varieties" or paragraph-long anecdotes about people or events, and artcles on miscellaneous subjects of general interest make up the content of The Leisure Hour. It was intended for family reading, and the enitors promised that "On every question of interest we shall introduce to the reader only such views as all may unite in approving...It is no part of our design to sound the gong of controversy." The purpose of the magazine is mainly to entertain, and the number of illustrations increased dramatically during its last few years.
- Mirror. Edinburgh. Jan 1779-May 1780 (more issues on later reels). Reel 221
Henry Mackenzie led a group of young men who published The Mirror twice a week for a year and a half. Contributors included Mackenzie, William Craig, George Horne, William McLeod Bannatyne and Robert Cullen. An imitator of the Spectator, the Mirror includes a good deal of material which is still of interest to students of literature.
- Monthly Amusement. London. April-Sept.1709. Reel 221
The Monthly Amusement published a complete novel or a play in each issue. The works were selected from "the best Spanish, French and Italian" authors. The Little Gypsie, The Jealous Estremaduran and The Deceatful Marriage, all by Cervantes, and two plays by Moliere, The Misanthrope and The Hypaocondriak were published. The final issue continued Love's Alchemy which included many short novels about adventures in love.
- Monthly Visitor. London. 1797-1804. Reels 221-223
The Monthly Visitor and Entertaining Pocket Companion was founded by "A Society of Gentlemen." Their plan was to produce "a literary magazine...calculated for general amusement." Further, they claimed, its drama reviews would judge "the actor more than the man," its book reviews would discuss "the book not its author." The editors promised that biography and other material would be free of "personal animosity, party prejudice and vicious insinuation." Contents included literary and dramatic reviews, poetry, tales, memoirs, and miscellaneous notes. Title continued as The Monthly Visitor and New Family Magazine (1801-1804).
- New Century Review. London. 1897-1900. Reels 223-224
New Century Review, displayed an interest in international affairs; its first issue lead off with an article on the Presidential election in America. Politics, history, education, religion, literature and painting were also subjects of interest. Very little poetry was published but a few books were reviewed in each issue.
- North Briton. London. June 1762-Nov.1763. Reel 225
The North Briton, a Scot publication, seemed to agree with the view of a correspondent who sent in an article proving "the prejudices against the inhabitants of the northern part of this island were not conceived by the English yesterday." Contents were often in the form of letters, but there were also some straight articles and poetry. The Scot viewpoint is obvious in almost all the material.
- Our Corner. London. 1883-1888. Reels 225-226
Our Corner began as a family-oriented magazine which included a "Chess Corner," a "Young Folks Corner," a puzzle page for children, and various sections on art, gardening, politics and publishing. Fiction, biography, science, poetry and reviews of drama and books were included. A "Roll of Honor" told of heroic acts of citizens in aid of their neighbors or friends. The later issues showed considereble change. Children's pages and chess were gone. Added to the other continuing material was "The Fabian Society and Socialist Notes" from around the world. "Life Among the Artists" by George Bernard Shaw was printed serially.
- Student or The Oxford Monthly Miscellany. London. Jan.1750-July 1751. Reel 226
The Student; or The Oxford Monthly Miscellany was to include "nothing indecent or immoral" and "all political disputes and whatever is offensive to good manners" would be avoided. Material was original, not previously published, and published with the consent of the author. The content was often in the form of letters to the editor. "Poems (mostly reprinted), essays on moral themes, scientific experiments, current history, articles on life in Oxford, advertisements for wives and some criticism" were included. A Cambridge viewpoint began to appear when the title became The Student; or The Oxford and Cambridge Monthly Miscellany in June, 1750
- Thistle or Anglo-Caledonian Journal. London. Jan.-Dec.1836. Reel 226
The Thistle or Anglo-Caledonian Journal contains, according to its editors, lively articles on miscellaneous subjects. It was intended as a "national enterprise," but its Scottish interest was very evident. "Scottish Intelligence," "Anglo-Caledonian News," "Biographia Scoticana" were regular features. Poetry was a major interest, and a considerable amount was published in each issue.
- Universal Review. London. Jan.1859-May 1860. Reels 226-227
The Universal Review carried articles on literatue, biography, history, national and international politics, travel in foreign lands, art, religion and social questions. Reviews ranged from long articles on individual works (such as Mill's "On Liberty") to reviews of a few books on a single subject, to short one or two-sentence reviews of various books and pamphlets in "Books on our Table." Its interests were international with America as well as various European countries often being covered.
- Weekly Memorials for the Ingenious or, an account of books lately set forth in several languages. London. Jan.1682-Jan.1683. Reel 227
Published every Sunday, the Weekly Memorials offered a descriptive review of learned works published recently in England and on the continent as well. Much of its content (reviews and notes) about foreign works was taken fro. Des Scavans, a Parisian journal. Scientific news, letters, and other short articles of interest from that journal were also reprinted.
- Weekly Review and dramatic critic. Edinburgh. Mar.1859-Jan.1860. Reel 184
The Weekly Review and Dramatic Critic included reviews of Edinburgh, Glasgow and London "amusements," one or two songs from "Sam Cowell's Collection of Comic Songs" and "Green-room Gossip" in each issue. The journal reported the news of the theater and carried articles of interest to theater-goers, but its editor promised to include any happening which might strengthen the "mental or physical faculties of the people."
- Annual Review or register of literature. London. 1802-1808. Reel 228-229
Editor Arthur Aikin undertook to review in this publication all the books published during the year. The reviews were divided by subject into over twenty categories, and general comments about the titles in each category preceded the individual reviews. Aiken was helped by his father, the Reverend John Aiken, his aunt, Mrs. Barbauld, and his sister Lucy. Robert Soutey and William Taylor were other well-known contributors. In 1803 the title became Annual Review and History of Literature.
- Anti-Infidel. London. June-Nov.1831. Reel 230
This magazine had several aims: to spread knowledge about "the evidences of Christianity, to recommend the practical influence of religion and morality, and to expose those fallacious dogmas and specious delusions which Infidelity is at present so eager to establish and extend." The Anti-Infidel was not associated with any particular church, and sought to stress subjects and areas on which Christians agreed.
- Anti-Jacobin. London. Nov.1797-July 1798. Reel 230
Published to combat the success of the radical press in spreading its ideas, the Anti-Jacobin parodied and ridiculed radical writers, especially Southey. William Gifford was its editor, and its contributors included John macdonald, Henry Addington,George Hammond, Edward Nares, Lord Morpeth, George Canning, John Hookham Frere, and George Ellis.
- Bibliographer. London; New York. Dec.1881-Nov.1884 Reel 230
The Bibliographer kept its readers informed about what was happening in the world of bibliography. Information could be quickly and conveniently obtained concerning new projects, catalogs, methods, etc. The magazine also offered a medium of communication between people interested in old books.
- Connoisseur. London. 1754-1756. Reel 231
The Connoisseur was a six-page serial which was issued every Thursday. Each issue contained a single entertaining essay directed against the "vices and follies of the community." George Colman and Bonnell Thornton published the periodical with the help of its fictitious editor "Mr. Town, Critic and Censor-Genearal." It lasted through 140 issues, and both its young publishers became popular writers of the day.
- Cosmopolis; an international monthly review. London. 1896-1898. Reel 231-234
Many of the reviews in this international magazine are written in French, German, and Russian as well as in English. The reviews are signed, some by well-known writers of the day. Weir of Hermiston, an unfinished novel by Robert Louis Stevenson, on which he was working when he died, ran serially for several issues.
- Director; a weekly literary journal.... London. Jan-July 1807. Reel 235
Thomas Frognall Dibdin edited the Director and wrote two thirds of its contents. The magazine included essays on literature, art, libraries, the contemporary theater, and bibliographic information on works of living writers. Analyses of the lectures at the Royal institution and descriptions of paitings for sale at British galleries were alsoincluded.
- Century Guild Hobby Horse. London. 1886-1894. Reel 235
Century Guild Hobby Horsewas a magazine of the arts. Painting, architecture, music, poetry, drama, art theory, criticism, and more were discussed on its pages. A series called "Notes on the National Gallery" gave the location of particular paintings and described them along with general comments on the artist's work. Artists could use the information as a basis for studying the work. Reports on exhibitions of members of the Century Guild, works in progress, and works for sale were listed. Succeeded by The Hobby Horse which lasted just three issues: 1893-1894.
- New London Review; or, monthly report of authors and books. London. 1799-1800. Reel 236
The "London Catalog," the main body of The New London Review, listed and gave paragraph-long reviews of currently published books. The catalog was arranged by subject, and gave the price of the book and usually the publisher. In another important section, a portrait and biography of a recently deceased author was published, along with a review of his work. Continued, briefly, by The London Review and Biographia Literaria, July-Aug.1800.
- London Review of English and Foreign Literature. London. 1775-1780. Reel 236-238
The London Review of English and Foreign Literature was a monthly review of 80 pages which attacked most of the contemporary writers and their works. Edited by William Kenrick, the magazine was continued for a year after his death by his son William Shakespeare Kenrick.
- Lounger. Edinburgh. Feb.1785-Jan.1787. Reel 238
The Lounger was a four-page weekly consisting of one essay, some letters and some verse. Henry MacKenzie was editor and chief contributor, along with William Craig, Alexander Abercomby, Robert Cullen, Fraser Tytler and McLeod Bannaytyne. A continuation of The Mirror.
- Monthly Miscellany; or, gentleman and lady's complete magazine... London. 1774-1777. Reel 239
Articles, essays, letters, and poetry, along with reviews of new books and phamphlets made up the contents of The Monthly Miscellany. All of the material was reprinted from "magazines, reviews and other periodical publications." Births, marriages, deaths, civil and military promotions and the prices of corn and stocks were also reported.
- Monthly Panorama... Dublin. Jan.-June 1810. Reel 239
Printed in Dublin, the editors promised "...never to reprint essays which have appeared in any other production." Writing and illustrations were done mainly by Irish writers and artists. Dublin society and manners, reviews of books concerning Ireland, and letters about Ireland and Irish history were included. Aside from wanting their magazine to have local character, the editors were chiefly interested in the theater. Literature was covered, too.
- Monthly Register, and encyclopedian magazine. London. Apr.1802-Oct.1803. Reel 240
The editors of The Monthly Register considered "...those [subjects] relating to the great commercial interests of this country, and to the progress of arts, manufactures, and agriculture... of permanent importance. "But they also included "...subjects of classical and elegant erudition," and articles which would amuse and entertain. It was hoped that the publication in its entirety would "...give a comprehensive view of theoretic and practical knowledge."
- National Review. London. Mar.1855-1864. Reel 240-243
The publishers of The National Review decided to give special attention to new publications on the topics of theology and "mental and political philosopnh," subjects which they felt were neglected by other journals. They also included a list of books of interest to the general reader, books whcih would therefore be of special interest to "reading societies.." In their reviews the editors generally strove to be free "...fromall schools or churches, whether of politics, literature, or theology, to select from each what is good, and to appreciate in each what is noble and redeeming.
- North of England Magazine. London; Manchester; Liverpool. 1842-1843. Reel 243
The purpose of North of England Magazine was "...to represent the feelings and advocate the interests of the Manufacturing and Commercial classes." The editors believed in free trade, and they wanted most of all to publicize their ideas and convert peole to their beliefs. At the same time, they wanted the magazine to be entertaining so that people would read it. Romantic and humorous stories were included, and articles covered the fields of music, fine arts, and especially drama. Bradshaw's Journal joined with the magazine in June 1843 to become North of England Magazine and Bradshaw's Journal of Politics, Literature, Science and Art. Bradshaw's Journal had been chiefly concerned with morality and literature, and these concerns were continued by the new magazine. The editors remained the same and promised more "light literature," and more articles of interest to the general reader. They still advocated social and commercial freedom, but Free Trade would be a "less prominent" subject than before.
- Palladium; a monthly journal of literature, politics, science and art. Edinburgh. July 1850-Mar.1851. Reel 243
Published in Edinburgh, The Palladium contained reviews of current literature, serial novels, and articles concerning literature, politics science and art. Scottish subjects were of special interest, and like most regional magazines, the Palladium did not last long. It was published for only nine months.
- Philanthropist; or, philosophical essays on politics, government, morals and manners.. Edinburgh. Mar.1795-Jan.1796. Reel 244
DAniel Isaac Eaton was theh publisher of this one-penny, eight-page magazine. His purpose was "to do good, and to apply his humble talents to the best purposes..." He wanted every person to be "happy and free,' and he believed knowledge would accomplish this goal. The Palladium contained reviews of current literature, serial novels, and articles concerning literature, politics science and art. Scottish subjects were of special interest, and like most regional magazines, the Palladium did not last long. It was published for only nine months.
- Temple Bar, a London magazine for town and country readers. London; New York. Dec.1860-Dec.1905. Reels 244-258; 278-285
Temple Bar contained almost one hundred and fifty pages of stories, articles and poetry. The first editor was George Augustus Sala, and Edmund Yates, the drama critic, was his sub-editor. Contents included serialized fiction, poetry, and articles on literature and literary figures, travel, science, and current social conditions and questions. Temple Bar With Which is Incorporated Bentley's Miscellany continued the publication in 1882 adding fiction (often serialized), biography and criticism of well-known authors, a very small amount of poetry and various articles on subjects of general interest such as Chinese cookery and travel in foreign lands. Title was shortened to Temple Bar in 1898.
- London Quarterly Review. London. 1853-1906. Reels 259-275
The London Quarterly Review was a publication of the Methodist Church of England, and thus, religion was one of its chief interests. Ancient history, especially of areas important during Biblical times; current religious questions and events, and the history of the American Methodist Church are covered in several articles. Art, scientific subjects and book reviews are also included. The title became The London Review in 1858-1862 but the format and interests of the magazine remained the same. Religion, ancient history of Biblical areas, religious questions of current concern, current religious events, and the history fo the Methodist Church continued to be the chief subjects covered.
- Popular Science Review, a quarterly miscellany of entertaining and instructive articles on scientific subjects. London. 1861-1881. Reels 275-277
The Popular Science Review carried articles on all manner of scientific subjects. Book reviews on scientific books range from three or four sentences to one or two pages for each title. A retrospect of scientific events and discoveries is included in each issue, and scientific exhibitions, rewards and honors are reported. Agricultural improvements and other practical applications of scientific discoveries are discussed.
- Book Lore.a magazine devoted to old time literature.. Dec.1884-Nov.1887. Reel 286
Supersedes The Bibliographer and succeeds The Bookworm. Intended for anyone interested in books, their production, and the people who contributed to them, whethe they were authors, artists, printers, or booksellers. Articles, correspondence and reviews were regular features of the magazine.
- English Review. London. Dec.1908-July 1937. Reels 286-300
The English Review began as a 200-page miscellany of poems, stories, articles and a department of "TheMonth" with editorial, political and social reports concerning current happenings. Reviews were lso included. Founded and edited by Ford Maddox Hueffer (Ford), it attracted many of England's leading literary figures to write for it. Later, under other editors and reduced to 120 pages, the magazine still continued as a distinguished literary publication.
- Good Words. London. 1860-1906. Reels 300-315
Good Words was a Scottish church paper edited by Norman Macleod. It carried articles, poetry, serialized stories and biography. A column titled "Good Words for Every Day in the Year" gave a Bible text with commentary for each day. The magazine was published for almost 50 years. After 1872 it was edited by Donald Macleod, brother of Norman, and there were then more illustrations, more fiction and less direct preaching.
- Train. London. 1856-1858. Reels 316-318
The Train was published by a group of young men who already had some fame as writers of light literature. The magazine contained fiction, poetry, essays, and sketches. The articles and stories were meant to entertain, and the magazine was seen as just the sort of reading needed by travelers on the train, or by others who wanted short, light reading matter.
- Universal Review. London. Mar.1859-May 1860. Reels 226-227
The Universal Review carried articles on literature, biography, history, national and internatinal politics, travel in foreign lands, art, religion and social questions. Reviews ranged from long articles on individual works (such as Mill's "On Liberty") to reviews of a few books and pamphlets in "Books on our Table." Its interests were international with America as well as various European countries often being covered.
- Visions of Sir Heister Ryley: with other enertainments. London. Aug 1710-Feb.1711. Reel 318
Sir Heister Ryle, the fictitious editor of the Visions of Sir Heister Ryle, is a man interested in all fields of learning, a "stickler in the business of truth," and abosultely adverse to siding with any political party. His magazine was a 4-page serial. It contained essays, letters and miscellaneous material which was datelined "From my house in St. James Square", "From London-Bridge", "From Gresham College" and the like. The Magazine was issued three times a week and lasted through only eighty issues.
- Weekly Amusement or, an useful and agreeable miscellany... London. Dec.1763-Dec.1767. Reels 318-319
The Weekly Amusement was intended for all kinds of people, and the editor hoped to both entertain and instruct his readers. Some of its material was reprinted from other sources. It contained fiction, articles and poetry, and a record of public events was published each fortnight.
- Dublin Review. London. 1836-1910. Reels 320-344
The Dublin Review often selected a recently published book or group of books and used their subject matter as the basis for an article, giving the Irish point of view on subjects especialy of interest to the Irish. The magazine was published for over a hundred years. AFter 1890 the critical reviews became less important, and articles became its main content.
- Economic Review. London. 1891-1914. Reels 344-347
The Economic Review published reports on legislation, book reviews and notices, and notes and memoranda of various associations and societies. The magazine, as a publication of the Oxford branch of the Christan Social Union, also contained articles on economics, society, morality, and duty. The editors hoped to provide a record of English legislation on social subjects, social and economic legislation in foreigh countries, and an opportunity for various viewpoints on economics to have a common meeting-ground.
- Newcastle Magazine. Newcastle-upon-Tyne. Sept.1820-Mar.1831. Reels 348-349
The New Castle Magazine was a miscellany of interest to the educated general reader. Articles on literature, philosophy, science, and biography are noteworthy. Practical application of mathematics, medical reports, and a summary of political events were included. Some space was devoted to local items and to literary works written by local writers.
- Powder Magazine. London. Oct.1868-Apr.1877 Reel 350
Powder Magazine was a privately published women's magazine. Eleanor Lloyd was its first editor. A list of subscribers appears at the beginning of the first issue, followed directly by an article on "Social Slavery". There are articles to interest the general reader, as well as poetry and fiction. "A Girl of the Period" and "A Few Words on the Present Education of Ladies" are interesting views of womanhood of the times.
- Twice a Week.London. Reel 350
Twice a Week contained a serialized story, articles on current topics, tales, poems, essays and illustrations. Each edition was eight pages, and no space was to be occupied by advertisements or answers to correspondents. "Current Gossip", "The Jester", (a column of jokes), "Science of the Day", "Home Hints", and "Family Doctor" were sections that appeared regularly.
- Celtic Magazine, a monthly periodical devoted to the literature, history, antiquities, folklore, traditions, and the social and material interests of the Celt at home and abroad. Inverness. Nov.1875-Oct.1888. Reels 351-352
The Celtic Magazine was to be a forum where all things Celtic could be discussed. In addition to the main interests of Celtic literature, history, and traditions, serious social questions of the time included the relationship between landlords and tenants, emigration, the conflicts between shepherds and those people interested in the sport of hunting deer and grouse, and the commerce of the highlands.
- Dark Blue. London. Mar.1871-Mar.1873. Reels 353-354
The Dark Blue was a literary monthly magazine which contained fiction, poetry, and articles on literature, drama, art, travel and foreign scenes and biography. "In Town" included remarks on happenings in London. Many of the contributors and backers of the magazine were associated with Oxford, and one of the early articles was "Recollections of American Universities: Harvard and Cornell." "Oxford Chit-Chat" and "The Undergraduate in Town" gave views on English college life.
- London Reader of literature, science, art and general information. London. May 1863-May 1903. Reels 355-375
London Reader of Literature, Science, Srt and General Information was a 32-page weekly made up of The London Journal and The 7 Days' Journal. Priced at one penny, it included fiction, some poetry, and articles the editors hoped would give "useful knowledge and blameless amusement" to its readers.
- Foreign and Colonial Quarterly Review. London. Jan.1843-Apr.1844. Reels 375-376.
The Foreign and Colonial Quarterly Review contained reviews, often of several books on a particular subject, in each issue. Critical sketches, news from the colonies, literary notices from foreign countries, a list, by subject, of works recently published on the continent, correspondence and obituary notices were all regular features.
- New Quarterly Review, or, home, foreign and colonial journal. London. July 1844-1847. Reels 376-377
The New Quarterly Review was a continuation of the Foreign and Colonial Quarterly Review.
- Speaker, a review of politics. London. 1890-1907 Reels 377-388
The Speaker: a Review of Politics, Letters, Science and the Arts was a liberal, weekly paper. Included in its column "Notes of the Day" (later "The Week") were news items of general interest, especially news concerning political events and people. Articles on politics, science and the arts, as well as verse, foreign correspondence, letters to the editor and reviews of books were published. Title became The Speaker, The Liberal Review Oct.1899-Feb. 1907.
- Sphinx, a journal of criticism and humour: art, literature, music, the drama, society and current events. Manchester. July 1868-Oct.1871. Reels 388-389
The Sphinx was a weekly journal dealing with current topics in a humorous way. Articles, one-line definitions, poetry and correspondence were all intended to produce a smile. But even though the magazine covered the literary and social scene in a light-hearted manner, its criticism was serious.
- World. London. 1753-1756. Reel 390
The World, a weekly journal containing just one essay, was edited by "Adam Fitz-Adam" (Edward Moore). Its intention was to present an entertaining, humorous look at people. Moore, who also wrote popular dramas, wrote sixty of the 209 essays that eventually appeared in the journal. Joseph Warton and Lord Chesterfield were other major contributors. The World was popular, but it was discontinued on a decision of its backers.
- Idler, an illustrated monthly magazine. London. Feb.1899-July 1901. Reels 391-398.
The Idler, an Illustrated Monthly Magazine was a literary publication that led off with Mark Twain's "The American Claimant." Other authors included Bret Harte, Andrew Lang, A. Conan Doyle, Robert Barr, Luke Sharp, W.L. Alden and Jerome K Jerome. "The Idlers Club" discussed various literary subjects. Interviews with writers and a series "My First Book" gave writers a chance to tell their own story. "Lions in the Dens" was another series that dealt with writers and other leading figures of the time. Poetry was also included.
- London Saturday Journal. London. 1839-1842. Reel 399
The London Saturday Journal contains essays, biographical sketches, articles on travel and foreigh countries, science, history, poets and poetry. The moral education of the people of England was one of the main concerns of its editors; they hoped to unite public opinion by publishing material which would promote religious, moral and social improvement in the country.
- London Society a monthly magazine of light and amusing and amusing literature... London. 1862-1898. Reels 400-414
London Society offered reviews of London entertainments, articles on happenings in London and on art, music, poems, stories, and other light reading. The section "To the editor of 'London Society'" usually contained one letter on an interesting current subject: Women's rights, for instance, or problems of bachelors.
- Scottish Review. London. 1882-1900. Reels 415-419
The editor of The Scottish Review claimed that the magazine was not the organ of any school, sect or party, but was a medium for "unfettered expression of opinion on all subjects." Its articles were varied and not limited only to Scottish subjects. "Contemporary Literature" carried reviews of current English books, and news of foreign books was covered in "Summaries of Foreign Reviews." Publication suspended from 1901-1913. In 1914 it resumed publication with the subtitle: A Quarterly Journal Devoted to the Cause of the Independence of Scotland and became almost completely Scottish in interest and emphasis. Scotland's part in World War I is frequently discussed. Scottish and Celtic history and contributions, and Scottish discontent with England, her politics and influence on Scotland were frequent subjects.
Early British Periodicals II
- Badminton Magazine of Sports and Pastimes. London. Aug.1895-Dec.1900. Reels 422-423
Golfing, shooting, horse racing, yacht racing, fencing, cycling, football, hunting, international athletics, and the history of particular sports are just some of the subjects covered in the first volume. A scheme for distress signals for Alpine climbers is discussed, old sporting prints are described and notes and gossip of the sporting world are included.
- Bookworm, an illustrated treasury of old-time literature. London. 1888-1894. Reel 424
Intended for book lovers, Bookworm describes special books printed throughout history, famous libraries, book clubs, biographies of people involved with books, and miscellaneous news from the current book world.
- Classical Museum, a journal of philology, and of ancient history and literature. London. June 1844-1850. Reels 424-425.
The Classical Museum provided classical scholars with a journal in which they could write about their new discoveries, their studies and other concerns, and thus communicate quickly with each other and with scholars abroad. Essays, some translations by foreign scholars, reviews, miscellaneous information on subjects of antiquity, short critical notices of works published recently both in England and on the continent, and notes on happenings of interest to antiquarians at universities and other institutions were included.
- East Anglian, or, notes and queries on subjects connected with the counties of Suffolk, Cambridge, Essex & Norfolk. London. Oct.1858-1910. Reels 425-427
This periodical was modeled after the magazine Notes & Queries but chose as its field of interest the counties of Suffolk, Cambridge and Essex. Facts concerning the local history and natural science of these areas were reported on by the readers of the magazine or by members of the various societies studying the area. The editors promised that any questions concerning those studies would also be published in the hope that a reader could answer them.
- Edinburgh Review. Edinburgh; London. 1802-1910. Reels 427-457
The Edinburgh Review was founded by three young men - Sydney Smith, Francis Jeffrey and Francis Horner. Jeffrey became its editor, and he drew an excellent group of reviewers to the magazine. The Review did not attempt to review everything published; instead books were selected which suggested or contributed to articles on subjects of current interest. As the Review progressed, it became more Wiggish, and later editors changed its reviewing policies. The magazine survived for over 125 years and served as a model for many magazines which followed it.
- English Illustrated Magazine. London. Oct.1883-Aug.1913. Reels 458-467
This magazine was aimed at the general reader who had a curiosity concerning the world, and the range of subjects covered was tremendous. Fiction, an article on the manufacturing of brass work, a scientific article on oysters, and a biography of Martin Luther all appeared within an issue or two and the variety continued throughout the year. Illustration for the articles was provided by engravings, and sometimes copied from paintings.
- Female Spectator. London. 1775. Reel 468
Dedicated to the Duchess of Leeds, The Spectator was edited by Mrs. Eliza haywood, and written by female authors. The ladies met twice a week to jointly prepare the magazine, and they each received news of happenings from various acquaintances near London and in various continental cities. They discussed people of virtue from the present and ages past who might serve
- Freed-Man, a monthly magazine, devoted to the interests of the freed coloured people. London. 1865-1868. Reel 468.
The Freed-Men's Aid Society promoted the cause of America's newly freed Negro. To do this they published descriptions of the general conditions and problems of Negroes in America, and accounts of the efforts that the American government, the citizens, and the Negroes themselves were making to solve these problems. They sought gifts of clothes and money from the British public to aid the freed men. They also kept the British informed about events, political decisions, and their efforts which affected the freed men. It gives an interesting picture of the times, from a unique point of view.
- Golden Hours, an illustrated magazine... London. 1866-1879. Reels 468-473
Golden Hours, a Monthly Magazine for Family and General Reading began with the subtitle, A Magazine for Sunday Reading. It contained fiction, poetry, sermons, often "a story for young folks" and a column called "Getherings" by Henry Southgate, who also edited "Noble Thoughts and Noble Language." Some less elevating reading was included in articles such as "Shells from Strange Shores" and "Railways and Railway Men-Adventures on the Road."